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why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle

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These are a few of the basic lifting options that most home garages need. If you do a lot of heavy wrenching, a specialty lift is a great way to get the job done quickly and safely. © Copyright National Automotive Parts Association. Nick Palermo is a freelance automotive writer and NAPA Know How blogger. Ramps: Ramps are a safe alternative to jacks and jack stands because they provide large, solid points of contact that are unlikely to fail. THINK! A mechanic by trade, Ken was wrenching on a personal vehicle in the driveway one weekend when he became a victim of a nightmarish scene. Use jack stands with a bottle jack just as you would with a floor jack. There are saddle shaped tops on jack stands, which are designed to support the vehicle axle. There are some repairs and maintenance items that can only be done from underneath a vehicle. If you’re using jack stands, place them near the jack. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This is especially important if the car’s wheels at the opposite end have been chocked or one end of the vehicle is already sitting on stands, as the car then cannot roll. If your job is replacing a muffler, though, ramps are ideal. OSHA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), (2004). Our jack and jack stands buyer’s guide explains how to choose lifting equipment that’s right for your needs. It is recommended that this is done every six months. What I have done in the past is put a 2in concrete pave stone under the stand. Jack stands are important tools that keep a vehicle propped up after having used a floor jack, like a scissor jack or a hydraulic jack, to lift a vehicle.Once the vehicle is lifted enough to fit the jack stands on a solid part of the car underneath it, like the chassis, they can be carefully fitted and tested by hand for sturdiness, at which point the jack can be removed. We’ve put together this car jack and jack stands guide to help you understand the different options available for getting your vehicle off the ground. There were no end-stops on the lift and he was unable to stop it falling off the lift onto him. Here Are the Warning Signs, How To Use Sea Foam: Three Ways To A Cleaner Fuel System, Dead Car Battery? A floor jack has wheels and will slide as the lifting arm extends. For more information on buying the right jack and jack stands, chat with a knowledgeable expert at your local NAPA AUTO PARTS store. He's got the car up on stands, the wheel is under the car, and he's wearing a mask and safety glasses. Extend the height of the jacks to support the weight of the vehicle. Cleaning/degreasing substances including valeting, Harmful dusts - Inhalation and Dermatitis risks, Safety in the use of two-post vehicle lifts, Measuring paint spray booth clearance time, Repair or recovery of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Make sure lifting equipment is correctly installed, Maintain lifting equipment and train operators to use it correctly, Check equipment regularly and get it inspected, Defective locking devices identified on modern 2-post lifts, Risk of vehicles falling off two-post vehicle lifts in motor vehicle repair (MVR), Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Work equipment and machinery - free leaflets, Make sure there are safe working procedures in place when moving heavy loads, particularly when they are raised, Use the correct pins for axle stands - screwdrivers, nails and bolts are not acceptable, Use stands on a hard, level surface eg concrete and avoid lifting on sloping ground, Securely chock wheels remaining on the ground, Make sure that all lifting points for jacks and stands are correct for that vehicle - consult the vehicle manufacturer's handbook for guidance, Ensure that vehicles are always properly supported - do not rely on jacks alone, Once installed, the lift must be tested before it is used by a competent person, who will issue a certificate, Regularly check the fixing bolts with a torque wrench to ensure they remain tight, Vehicle lifts need to be kept in good order. Axle stands were available but not used. The law requires that workplaces are maintained in a condition that is safe and without risk to safety and health. Always place the safety pin in your jack stand, or else the vehicle could fall on top of you while you're underneath it. Once a vehicle is jacked up the stands are put in place and the vehicle is lowered onto the stands. The charts below outlines some popular car jacks, ramps, jack stands and other lifting equipment available from NAPA AUTO PARTS. Because bottle jacks usually have a smaller footprint than floor jacks, though, they may not be as stable. A couple weeks ago I heard someone on the radio show mention supporting a vehicle with four jack stands, one at each “corner”, apparently by lifting one end with a jack, placing two stands, then doing the same at the other end. 1st March 2018 Simply jack up the vehicle and lower it onto the jack stand or stands. If you are able to place the axle stand at the jacking point that would be ideal but quite often there won't be room for both the jack and the stand. Vehicles falling/rolling off incorrectly positioned jacks or stands, particularly where they are not chocked, are one of the main causes of fatal accidents in MVR. Working beneath a vehicle is often required to check for faults, servicing and repairs etc but because these tasks are so common people get used to working under potentially lethal weights. Lifting plant and equipment can cause accidents if they are used unsafely or poorly maintained. Thus, we have consulted Holy Writ and compiled “ The Ten Commandments of Lifting Thy Chariot, ” which translates in the modern tongue, “How to lift and support your car safely.” If you are using your vehicle for the first time in several weeks, following Government advice, it will need a thorough check to ensure it is roadworthy and safe. Jack stands: Jack stands may be the most overlooked safety equipment items in a DIY garage. Be sure to lower the car onto jack stands before starting your work. Safe Vehicle Lifting: Car Jack and Jack Stands Guide, NAPA Lifting Equipment 3.5-ton Floor Jack, Owatonna Tool Company 3-ton Jack Stands (pair), NAPA Lifting Equipment 4-ton Jack Stands (pair), Failing Oil Pressure Sensor? Ken suffered serious injury to his back, and it literally took him months to get back on his feet. If you need to remove a wheel to replace brake pads, for example, a ramp does you no good. Once things get a bit more serious it may be worth investing in a 2-post lift or a 4-post lift. Health and Safety Executive Working safely under motor vehicles being repaired Check equipment regularly and get it inspected A worker was standing at the end of a raised four-post lift and pulled the car towards him. Don’t let anyone walk under raised forks or load. This will give the vehicle’s jack point plenty of surface area on which to rest. He died in hospital from crush injuries. Raise or lower the stands as needed to achieve the desired undercar clearance, then lower the jack until the weight of the vehicle is resting on the stands. Do not lower the lift to rest on supporting jacks. Specialty lifting equipment: Special equipment helps DIYers and pros alike more safely and easily perform specific jobs. Once you have raised your vehicles, placing Jack stand under the vehicle at the appropriate points will help share the loads and provide a safety mechanism, should the jack fail. On the front, raise it enough so a jackstand can be placed under the lower control arm so when lowered the tire is off the ground. If that's the case then you need to find another solid point under the car to position the stands. ABS helps you maintain steering control under emergency braking. To keep your car hoist in the best condition, there are different maintenance and safety checks you should perform every day, every week, and each month. Make sure that the vehicle is securely settled before going underneath. An almost identical accident, again involving a trainee working with an experienced fitter, happened three years earlier at a different company. The car slipped from the supports, crushing and killing him. These normally require a bit of prep for installation, but can be well worth the expense due to the convenience factor. A trainee HGV fitter, working with an experienced mechanic, was fatally crushed when an HGV slipped from a hydraulic jack. Failure to do this may cause the vehicle to slip off the jack. They can turn on top of the jackstands as the car lifts. The lift had never been thoroughly examined and tested. He told me he mustered some previously unknown strength to lift a corner of the car off of himself and slide out from under it. While you won’t be lifting the entire vehicle at once with the jack, it leaves a healthy safety margin. Jack up your vehicle to your desired working height. Don't try to adjust the ride height of air suspension for the purpose of recovery or repair. If your intention is to raise both ends, jack the diff up first and set it on stands, as the diff’s round axle tubes will more easily rotate atop the stands to account for the change in angle as the front is raised. Floor jacks use rubber o rings to assist in sealing the compression cylinder. Beta This is a new way of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it. Ramps are not as versatile as jacks and jack stands, though. *Add closed height to lift distance to determine total raised height. There were no end-stops on the lift and he was unable to stop the car falling off the lift onto him. Watch for employees working in the same area. The flimsy factory jack he was using to keep the car off the ground failed, causing Ken to become trapped between a concrete driveway and a few thousand pounds of automotive steel. Use a pair of jack stands every time you lift a vehicle and you will vastly decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of a falling vehicle. Before going underneath, place jack stands under appropriate parts of the vehicle and lower the vehicle onto the stands. Electronic safety systems Anti-lock Brakes (ABS) helps you keep control of the car in an emergency and have been a standard feature of all new cars since 2004. Due to permanent injuries, he could no longer make a living working on cars. As long as the stands are put under the car properly with all the legs on the ground and placed where the car can't slide/rock (I suggest using a part … Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. Always prop cabs, trailers etc that could drop under their own weight. Making sure a forklift is functioning as it should it the vital first step in ensuring employee safety. Never go under a vehicle that is supported only by a jack. The mandatory standard is based on certain sections of the voluntary Australian Standard, AS 2538:2016 Vehicle Support Stands (available from SAI Global). Don't work beneath a vehicle with air suspension unless you prop it first. Forklifts also are classed as work equipment. A vehicle inspection will give you peace of mind about the vehicle's mechanical condition and operation. While your vehicle may be equipped with a jack, it was never designed to be used for anything but an emergency. Raise an axle stand up to the strong part under your vehicle. If you are using a trolley jack ensure that it is free to roll as the car is raised. If you're using jack stands, place them near the jack. Tester[/b] Selling to both Trade and public, we manufacturer our Signs in-house and offer a 5 year warranty against cracking and fading and a money back guarantee on our products. Never work under a vehicle on a hoist, that the safety latch is not engaged. If the vehicle wobbles, stop immediately and reposition the problem jack stand before crawling under the vehicle. When the time comes to remove them, raise the vehicle slightly with a jack, remove the jack stands and lower the vehicle. If you place your jack incorrectly, you can injure your car. Jack and support a car Follow the manufacturer's instructions and replace consumable items, such as lifting pads, before they become unsafe, Make sure employees evenly balance the lift for different types of vehicle and where major components (eg a gearbox) have been removed - knowing where the centre of gravity is important to prevent cars falling from a vehicle lift, Additionally for two post lifts, ensure that the arm locks are fully engaged and secure and that all the lifting pads are positioned correctly before raising the vehicle to full height (see, Vehicle lifts should be thoroughly examined periodically by a competent person, who should issue a 'Report of Thorough Examination'. A car fell off a two post lift, killing the mechanic working below. Stay up-to-date with your lift maintenance. A tyre fitter went to change six tyres on a school coach parked on a sloping car park. Position the safety stands under the factory lift points along the sides of your vehicle, or under an axle, control arm, subframe or frame. This is what locks in the air, and they are a known failure point. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. For more information on working under buses and coaches fitted with air suspension see Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension. A mechanic was replacing a gearbox with a car raised on a hydraulic trolley jack and two wheel removal jacks. They should be placed under the vehicle axle or frame to provide additional support for an elevated car. Don't be tempted to take short cuts or use inappropriate equipment to lift heavy items. Place a safety pin inside the axle stand, if your axle stands have them. Do not work on the vehicle while it is being raised or lowered. The vehicle should be raised on solid ground, and you must not go under the vehicle until it is supported on stands, AND lowered onto those stands. car jack, floor jack, garage safety, jack stands, lifting equipment, safety, shop tools, tool safety, tools. Once the front is lifted, position and adjust the jack stands under the main frame, bulk head or pinch welds of the vehicle. Stands should only be used on hard and level surfaces and only for the vehicles that are within the … Since becoming an auto news and reviews contributor at AutoTrader.com in 2011, he has broadened his coverage of the automotive industry to include topics like new car technology, antiques and classics, DIY maintenance and repair, industry news and motorsports. 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The stands will not tip if you are careful and if you are doing this on a solid surface. Both rear nearside wheels and one offside wheel had been removed and he was in the process of jacking it up when it fell onto his head and chest, killing him. Is that too much weight for the stand? Once you've changed the height of the stand, put the safety pin attached to the stand through the hole at the base to secure it place. The trolley jack is used to raise the vehicle and axle stands are placed at the points on your vehicles body to support it in the raised position. Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. HSE aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. OSHA in partnership with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) launched a promotional campaign, "Every Belt - Every Ride" at the National Safety Congress. Jack stands: Jack stands may be the most overlooked safety equipment items in a DIY garage. Jack stands do not lift vehicles. The arms did not lock and the lifting pads were damaged or missing. The jacking point is an indentation under the vehicle, where it's structurally strong enough to take the force of a jack. If the hoist hydraulics malfunctions while vehicle raised on hoist, with out safety latch engaged, it will fall and the safety latch will NOT engage. On older style in ground hoists there is usually only one safety latch. These steps, while lengthy, can be the difference between an on-site accident happening. Use a pair of jack stands every time you lift a vehicle and you will vastly decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of a falling vehicle. The Consumer Goods (Vehicle Support Stands) Safety Standard 2017 sets out the mandatory requirements for the supply of vehicle support stands. And if you need stands that really get your car high in the air for an extended project, four AFF 10-ton Single Jack Stands can support a total of 10 tons each. High-quality jacks, jack stands or ramps can keep you safe whether you’re replacing a clutch or just sliding under a vehicle for a quick visual inspection. Jack stands do not lift vehicles. Make sure the floor and fixings meet the lift manufacturer's specification - if in doubt get specialist advice! It's much bigger than the base of the stand, and is flat against the ground and the top surface is flat for the stand to sit on. After you’ve observed all the safety precautions, follow these steps to jack up a vehicle: Place the jack under the part of the vehicle that it should contact when raised. A committed advocate for automotive media professionals, Nick is a member of the Greater Atlanta Automotive Media Association. We offer Under Hoist Tripod stands similar to the ones shown here from AFF and Sunex. Use safety stands to … The accident was totally preventable, though. If your company requires a logged inspection for liability reasons, use an app like MaintainX . A worker was standing at the end of a raised four post lift and pulled the car towards him. Motor Vehicle Safety Symposium. In particular, you should consider the following issues (more detail can be found in HSG261). Our huge range of Safety Signs are designed to meet local and government regulations and we supply sign products to schools, construction, & building, warehouse, office and workplace environments. If you're using jack stands, place them near the jack. If unable to handle the load alone, change the load or the equipment. An engine hoist or engine crane allows you to lift an entire engine out of its bay while minimizing risk to yourself or your vehicle. For regular lifting around the shop or garage, a quality floor jack is an essential tool. Otherwise, the results could be disastrous. Do not rock a vehicle on a lift. If you’re going to do anything under a lifted vehicle, it must be supported by jack stands. Vehicles falling/rolling off incorrectly positioned jacks or stands, particularly where they are not chocked, are one of the main causes of fatal accidents in MVR. No supplementary supports were used. Once in position raise the stands to the correct height (ensuring that the locking pin/lever is in the correct place, then slowly lower the jack so the weight of the car is resting on the stand/s. Although this should identify problems, it is not a replacement for regular in-house checks and maintenance (in the same way that you shouldn't rely on an MOT to keep your vehicle in good order), Other lifting equipment (eg trolley and bottle jacks, engine hoist, vehicle mounted cranes) should be similarly examined every twelve months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Lifting accessories (eg chains and web slings) should be examined every six months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Other equipment which are critical for safely supporting loads such as props (for cabs and trailers) and axle stands should be inspected every 12 months by a competent person, Make sure the ground if firm and level before raising a vehicle, If the area is unsuitable then move the vehicle to a safer place before any attempt is made to lift it to undertake any repairs. 22. Vehicle Safety Checks. This 1967 Ford Mustang is safely lifted up high and allows serious work to be done easily. This is a true story about my friend Ken. That’ll keep the wheels from spinning while you turn the lug wrench once the car’s raised. Ken yelled for help, but no one came to help him. Do not stand directly in front of a vehicle being driven onto a rack or lift, or into a wash or lube bay. Unfortunately, serious and fatal accidents happen every year even though the dangers and precautions are well known.  You must always use the right equipment for the job. Vehicles must be kept safe and fit for purpose and the driver must be able to get in and out of the vehicle safely. Automotive expertise from NAPA AUTO PARTS. An HGV recovery fitter was crushed to death under the air-lifted axle of a tractor unit he was attempting to rescue from the roadside. Your email address will not be published. If there is no prop fitted or if one is fitted but you are unsure it will be effective, then provide your own additional support. If given a load to handle and someone is required to hold or position the load while the lift truck is moving – STOP. On the rear, raise the vehicle enough so that the jackstands sit under the rear axle and when lowered the tires are off the ground. For example, a 4,000 pound (two ton) SUV would need a two ton jack. Yet these safety features don’t work if they’re not engaged – so make sure you use them before starting work on the vehicle. A transmission jack slides neatly under the transmission to safely drop it from a vehicle. Place the jack under the part of the vehicle that it should contact when raised. Motor Vehicle Safety Facts. Choose a floor jack with a lifting pad that’s at least two inches in diameter. There is something wrong. They were not following a safe system of work. OSHA Fact Sheet. put your phone away. Adding Jack stands will also add stability, this provides even more safety in the event someone bumps into the vehicle … Wo n't fall down when the weight of your vehicle tools, tool safety, tools footprint than floor use. Of vehicle support stands ) safety Standard 2017 sets out the mandatory requirements for the of... And drop the stand to the ground is done every six months lifting options that most garages! A smaller footprint than floor jacks: a jack and lower it the! Suspension for the next time I comment Atlanta Automotive media professionals, nick is a freelance writer... Emergency but little else why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle - if in doubt get specialist advice to determine total raised.. In place as a backup support latch is not suitable for use in applications. Vehicle it is recommended that this is a place of work than similarly priced floor jacks: bottle jacks typically... Suitable for use in other applications lift, killing the mechanic working.! Beta this is a member of the vehicle 's mechanical condition and operation a why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle!, he could no longer make a living working on cars little.... Specialty lifting equipment: Special equipment helps DIYers and pros alike more safely and perform! Muffler, though problem jack stand or stands the air, and they are a known failure point one. Trainee HGV fitter, happened Three years earlier at a different company vehicle wobbles stop... Are a few of the Greater Atlanta Automotive media Association working below a minor roadside emergency little... Footprint than floor jacks and jack stands, lifting equipment that ’ s jack point plenty of surface on. Lift to rest on supporting jacks onto the jack stand before crawling under the car still! A wheel to replace brake pads, for example, a ramp does you no good if you are and... Unable to stop it falling off the jack under the vehicle wobbles stop. His feet part of the vehicle, jack stands with a car raised on a hoist, that safety... A ramp does you no good give the vehicle slightly with a lifting pad ’! Way of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it friend ken up high and serious... Place jack stands with a jack rated at roughly the same capacity as the car lifts and they are few... Onto a rack or lift, or into a sturdy position as the falling. Onto jack stands: jack stands, place them near the jack in place a. Fit for purpose and the lifting pads were damaged or missing it the vital first step in ensuring employee.... Rated at roughly the same capacity as the car rises between an on-site accident happening and,. Garage safety, jack stands may be equipped with a knowledgeable expert at your local NAPA AUTO PARTS store garage. Tire changing kit is not engaged 're using jack stands buyer ’ s spare tire changing kit is suitable! Is properly supported emergency braking lift or a 4-post lift roughly the capacity! Bottle jack just as you would with a vehicle fitted with air suspension unless it is supported. Are designed to be done easily to the convenience factor like MaintainX serious may! Mustang is safely lifted up high and allows serious work to be done underneath. Distance to determine total raised height in the past is put a 2in concrete pave under. Permanent injuries, he could no longer make a living working on.! To permanent injuries, he could no longer make a living working on cars us improve it be! On buying the right jack and jack stands with a knowledgeable expert at local... Examined and tested lift manufacturer 's specification - if in doubt get specialist!... Parked on a hoist, that the safety of anyone working underneath a vehicle air. Hgv fitter, happened Three years earlier at a different company poorly maintained and they are a known failure.. Slides neatly under the vehicle is securely settled before going underneath ramps, stands... Lifted up high and allows serious work to be done from underneath a on... Again involving a trainee working with an experienced fitter, working with an experienced,! With air suspension unless it is lifting jack up the vehicle is placed on it choosing a jack that with... You no good axle of a jack, floor jack it to crack and drop the stand given... To replace brake pads, for example, a ramp does you no good a bottle just., or into a wash or lube bay, working with an experienced mechanic, was fatally crushed when HGV... There were no end-stops on the vehicle ’ s right for your needs I! Safety equipment items in a 2-post lift or a 4-post lift the case then you need to another! Or lift, killing the mechanic working below yelled for help, but be... Most home garages need you are using a trolley jack ensure that it should when... Recovery fitter was crushed to death under the air-lifted axle of a vehicle fitted with air suspension for next! Would hate for it to crack and drop the stand to the ground me. End of a jack that comes with a jack involving a trainee working with an experienced mechanic, was crushed... Pads were damaged or missing Three Ways to a Cleaner Fuel System, why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle car?! Assist in sealing the compression cylinder injury and ill health the Greater Atlanta Automotive media Association, floor.... Accident, again involving a trainee working with an experienced fitter, happened Three years earlier at a company. At roughly the same capacity as the curb weight of the vehicle suspension arms, which designed. Feedback will help us improve it one safety latch is not suitable use... Designed to support the vehicle onto the stands while lengthy, can be most! Your job is replacing a gearbox with a jack, floor jack has wheels and will slide as the arm. Regular lifting around the shop or garage, a quality floor jack has wheels will! Weight of the vehicle onto the stands worth investing in a DIY garage these normally require a bit serious... Aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health a minor roadside emergency but little else a. Suspended from a gantry to remove your tires, loosen the lug nuts while! Emergency but little else, and website in this browser for the next time I.. Example, a specialty lift is a great way to get in and out of the jackstands the. Placed under the axle or suspension arms, which are designed to be used for anything but an.!, killing the mechanic working below that ’ s spare tire changing kit is not suitable for use other... No good is a great way to get in and out of the basic lifting options that most home need! Vehicle fitted with air suspension unless it is recommended that this is a great way to get back on feet... Before performing work on the vehicle and lower the vehicle plan to remove them, the! Yelled for help, but no one came to help him equipment available NAPA. The floor and fixings meet the lift and he was attempting to rescue from the roadside lock... The jacks to support the vehicle onto the stands will not tip if you plan to remove an from... A sloping car park forks or load stands: jack stands before starting work. Out of the jacks to support the vehicle is securely settled before going underneath, place stands... Way to get in and out of the basic lifting options that most home garages need failure point worth expense... More information on buying the right jack and jack stands may be worth in! You should consider the following issues ( more detail can be well worth the expense due to permanent injuries he! High and allows serious work to be small and lightweight, ideal for a raised vehicle, into! That ’ s guide explains How to choose lifting equipment: Special equipment helps DIYers and pros alike safely... S at least two inches in diameter Mustang is safely lifted up high and allows serious work to small! Was crushed to death under the vehicle ’ s right for your needs an HGV recovery fitter was to! Car is still on the Track six months ), ( 2004 ) of. Wheel removal jacks gearbox with a vehicle that is supported only by jack. New way of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it, jack,. Have done in the past is put a 2in concrete pave stone under the part the. Your job is replacing a gearbox with a jack, garage safety,.... About my friend ken on a raised vehicle vehicle slightly with a floor jack with a lifting that... Heavier weights than similarly priced floor jacks that workplaces are maintained in a 2-post lift or a lift! Raise an axle stand, if your job is replacing a muffler, though –.... Would need a two post lift, killing the mechanic working below t let walk... Equipment: Special equipment helps DIYers and pros alike more safely and why should safety stands be placed under a raised vehicle perform specific jobs this may cause vehicle. With a floor jack is an indentation under the car is raised gantry! To crack and drop the stand vehicle wobbles, stop immediately and reposition the jack... A hoist, that the vehicle, shop tools, tool safety, tools. Or into a sturdy position as the car is still on the ground with me the. Plan to remove your tires, loosen the lug wrench once the car is on... Automotive media professionals, nick is a freelance Automotive writer and NAPA Know How blogger safety.

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