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what is the concept of god in christianity

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The Old Testament is the Holy Scripture of the Jews and contains records of all the prophets of the Jews that came before Jesus (pbuh).The New Testament contains records of the life of Jesus (pbuh). The special relationship of Jesus to God is expressed through his designation of God as Father. [1] Tillich's claim is not self-evident. Yours is an age old question, which stems from a basic misunderstanding. Jesus (pbuh) is also a revered figure in Islam. God created the world in six days, and rested on the seventh in the Christian … We believe that he gave life to the dead with God’s permission. Within the Christian perception and experience of God, characteristic features stand out: (1) the personality of God, (2) God as the Creator, (3) God as the Lord of history, and (4) God as Judge. (i) Old Testament condemns idol worship in the following verses: “Thou shalt have no other gods before me.”, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:”, “Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.” Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity : One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? The single most important thing in the Bible is the concept of _____. (ii) A similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy: “Thou shalt have none other gods before me.”, “Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth.”, “Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.” As such, it demands total surrender and promises totalfulfillment. The personal consciousness of human beings awakens in the encounter with God understood as a person: “The Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend” (Exodus 33:11). Christians believe he created the universe, as told in the Biblical story of the Book of Genesis; it did not come into existence as a byproduct of his energy, but he actively created it. This does not mean that God is a human being, but that God has \"personality\" and the capability of both relationships with other personal beings. Jesus Refuted even the Remotest Suggestion of his Divinity. Omniscience 3. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. At its most basic, Christianity is the faith tradition that focuses on the figure of Jesus Christ. God has three main parts in Christianity. As a tradition, Christianity is more than a system of religious belief. [The Bible, Mathew 5:17-20]. We have one God in three persons, but that is confusing unless we also understand that God is a Spirit. However, the Protestant Bible i.e. May 8, 2016 Uncategorized Concept of God in Christianity Christianity is a Semitic religion. the Old Testament and the New Testament put together, contains 73 books. The Bible mentions the prophetic nature of Jesus (pbuh) mission in the following verses: (i)”… and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me.” Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The relation of the early church to late Judaism, The relation of the early church to the career and intentions of Jesus, The contemporary social, religious, and intellectual world, The internal development of the early Christian church, Relations between Christianity and the Roman government and the Hellenistic culture, The early liturgy, the calendar, and the arts, Theological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries, Political relations between East and West, The Photian schism and the great East-West schism, Christianity from the 16th to the 21st century, Scripture and tradition: the apostolic witness, Evangelism: the first teaching about the God of Jesus Christ, Catechesis: instructing candidates for baptism, Aversion of heresy: the establishment of orthodoxy, Restatement: respecting language and knowledge, Inculturation: respecting places and peoples, Development: the maturation of understanding, Schism: division over substantial matters, Characteristic features of the Christian concept of God, The belief in the oneness of the Father and the Son, Different interpretations of the person of Jesus, The doctrine of the Virgin Mary and holy Wisdom, Conflict between order and charismatic freedom, The basis for the doctrine of the Trinity, The “new man”: The human being in the light of Christ, New liturgical forms and antiliturgical attitudes, Veneration of places, objects, and people, Expectations of the Kingdom of God in early Christianity, Expectations of the Kingdom of God in the medieval and Reformation periods, Expectations of the Kingdom of God in the post-Reformation period, The role of imminent expectation in missions and emigrations, Eschatological expectations and secularization, History of the interactions of philosophy and theology, Arguments from religious experience and miracles, Characteristics of Christian myth and legend, Messianic secrets and the mysteries of salvation, The church and the Byzantine, or Eastern, Empire, Church and state in Eastern and Western theology, Intellectualism versus anti-intellectualism, The tendency to spiritualize and individualize marriage, Missions to South East Asia and the Pacific, Ecumenism since the start of the 20th century. There is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.’ ” INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly 1.2 billion adherents all over the world. Sources of western concepts of the divine have been threefold: experience, revelation, and reason. Jesus (pbuh) of Nazareth – a Man Approved of God. Indeed Jesus (pbuh) rejected any suggestions that attributed divinity to him, and explained his miracles as the power of the One True God. Eternal/everlasting However, there are a number of arguments which claim that these characteristics are logically inconsistent. In fact, various verses of the Bible point to Jesus’ (pbuh) actual mission, which was to fulfill the law revealed to Prophet Moses (pbuh). The Mission of Jesus Christ (pbuh) – to Fulfill the Law. We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah (swt). Christian God is different from the Allah of Muslims. in India alone, there are 33 crore God and Goddesses whom the Hindus worship. CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY: 1. The Bible is the sacred scripture of the Christians. Christianity’s approach is that man was created by an external God in which … Once the powers ascribed to God were debated, Ken asks whether the good in the world is good in lieu of God liking it, or whether God likes it because there is some intrinsic goodness to it. A study of the Christian scriptures reveals that Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity. The concept of God in Christianity is that God is a whimsical, mean old bastard who sits in heaven and creates one soul to a life of beauty, opulence and good fortune, and another soul He creates to take birth from a crack-whore and junkie father. “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord” God Fundamental to Christian belief is the existence of God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit Creation Christians believe the universe and human life are God’s good creation. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Duaa’s for protection from harms and diseases, Junob and cannot perform ghusl or tayammum, Does a woman who miscarries and discharges blood pray. It is striking that the basic teachings of the Church such as Trinity and vicarious atonement find no mention in the Bible. “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know.”, 6. It is indeed striking to note the difference between the words of Jesus Christ (pbuh) and the Christian dogma of salvation through the sacrifice of Jesus (pbuh). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Characteristic features of the Christian concept of God. The concept of God in A level philosophy is the concept of God as understood by the three main monotheistic religions – Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? In addition, Ken, John, and Richard discuss how a finite mind can try to understand an infinite concept like God. We believe that he was born miraculously, without any male intervention, which many modern day Christians do not believe. [The Bible, Luke 11:20], (v) “I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgement is just; because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.” In fact the Bible contains statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in which he preached quite the contrary. No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). Our sin has separated us from God, and the consequence of sin is death (Romans 6:23). In this context, faith refers both to the believers’ act of trust and to the content of their faith. Experiences can be internal and effable, such as a vision, or internal and ineffable, as is claimed by some mystics. Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity. [The Bible, Isaiah 45:5], (iii) “I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me.” Appeal to the sonship of God played a crucial role in the development of Jesus’ messianic self-understanding. by Dr. Zakir Naik. God was the original being with no begining or end. God (the father), Jesus (the son), and the holy spirit. 5. [The Bible, Isaiah 43:11], (ii) “I am Lord, and there is none else, there is no God besides me.” Christianity adopted this complicated idea of God because it was the only way they could make sense of One God in the context of the events and teaching of … Christianity owes it name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). The Christian God is a personal God. These are: 1. For the purposes of this course, all of our subsequent readings will mean by "God" the God of Judaism and Christianity. CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY: 1. God is Creator – and “what God is, only God is.” This is seen clearly in both the Old and New Testaments, in which God is described in strongly personal terms (father, shepherd, etc.) [The Bible, John 17:3], 4. The decisive aspect of creation, however, is that God fashioned human beings according to the divine image and made the creation subject to them. Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity for himself. CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly two billion adherents all over the world. [The Bible, Mathew 12:28], (iv) “…I with the finger of God cast out devils….” (4) This God of history also is the God of judgment. God, in the Christian belief, has a much more active role in creation. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. b) The complete Bible, i.e. Prayer—Ephesians 3:14-21 (strengthened by his Spirit, know the love of Christ, filled with the fullness of God). [The Bible, Deuteronomy 5:7-9]. “Imago Dei” comes from the Latin version of the Bible, translated to English as “image of God.” \"Image of God\" is defined as the metaphysical expression, associated uniquely to humans, which signifies the symbolical connection between God and humanity. The following verses are from the Book of Isaiah: (i) “I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour.” [The Bible, Mark 12:29]. Is the concept of God in Christianity (the Trinity) three Gods or One. Islam 101 is an educational site on Islam, Muslims, its theology, rituals, human rights, jihad, sharia and history. CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly 2.1 billion adherents all over the world. On the contrary he said that the path to salvation was through keeping the commandments. No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). Through the Law (Torah) the divine agent binds this “people of God” in a special way. The Abrahamic God in this sense is the conception of God that remains a common attribute of all three traditions. Jesus (pbuh) did not say that to have the eternal life of paradise, man should believe in him as Almighty God or worship him as God, or believe that Jesus (pbuh) would die for his sins. The believer thus maintains, on the one hand, acknowledgement of divine omnipotence as the creative power of God, which also operates in the preservation of the world, and, on the other hand, trusts in the world, which—despite all its contradictions—is understood as one world created by God according to definite laws and principles and according to an inner plan. The Israelite belief that the disclosure of God comes through the history of divinely led people leads, with an inner logic, to the proclamation of God as the Lord of world history and as the Judge of the world. 1. The following verse from the book of Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses (pbuh): “Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad”. Despite all this, religions claim God is one. For one thing, it is doubtfulthat ultimate concern is e… In fact there is not a single unequivocal statement in the entire Bible where Jesus (pbuh) himself says, “I am God” or where he says, “worship me”. The First Commandment is that God is One. God sets before them a definite goal of salvation—the establishment of a divine dominion—and through the prophets admonishes the people by proclamations of salvation and calamity whenever they are unfaithful to the covenant and promise. Fall Humans have a tendency to go their own way rather than keep their place […] The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians’ insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ (pbuh). Typically, these religions agree that God has the following 4 divine attributes: 1. The following statements in the Bible are attributed to Jesus Christ (pbuh): (i) “My Father is greater than I.” and establishes relationships with human beings.In this belief, Christianity is like Judaism and Islam but very different from deism or the theism of Greek philosophy. The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians’ insistence … We will call this the Judeo-Christian concept of God, or the God of Theism. [The Bible, Isaiah 46:9]. Christianity owes it name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). Some confuse this and think that Christians believe in three separate gods, which they don't. Christian Growth—2 Thessalonians 2:13 (chosen by God, loved by the Lord, sanctified by the Spirit). Christians believe in the Trinity - that is, in God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. (1) God, as person, is the “I am who I am” designated in Exodus 3:14. Consider the following incident mentioned in the Bible: “And behold, one came and said unto him, ‘Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?’, And he said unto him, ‘Why callest thou me good? It is a Hebrew quotation which means: No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). by IqraIslamQA. The doctrine or concept of the Trinity is central to most Christian denominations and faith groups, although not all. In prayers Jesus used the Aramaic word abba (“father”) for God, which is otherwise unusual in religious discourse in Judaism; it was usually employed by children for their earthly father. In the Christian doctrine of salvation, we are saved from “wrath,” that is, from God’s judgment of sin (Romans 5:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:9). One of the scribes once asked Jesus (pbuh) as to which was the first commandment of all, to which Jesus (pbuh) merely repeated what Moses (pbuh) had said earlier: “Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adonai Ikhad.”, “Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord.” [The Bible, Deuteronomy 6:4]. However the New Testament of both these sects contains 27 books. The Bible does not support the Christian belief in trinity at all. Paul Tillich believed that the essence of religious attitudes is“ultimate concern.” Ultimate concern is“total.” Its object is experienced as numinous or holy,distinct from all profane and ordinary realities. Now "God" has many meanings depending on who you ask. Christianity owes its name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). Christianity owes its name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). Jesus (pbuh) was sent by God to confirm the previous Judaic law. [The Bible, John 10:29], (iii) “…I cast out devils by the Spirit of God….” A monistic concept of God will inevitably disregard sin and evil, affirming all natural desires, whereas the Christian understanding of God views God alone as good, desiring to manifest His character of goodness in His creation in place of the fallen, natural, evil tendencies of man’s desires. [The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]. [The Bible, John 14:24], (ii)”And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent.” Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly two billion adherents all over the world. Hindu Gods are different from the Christian God. Humans are made in the image of God. Revelation can be link… the King James Version, contains only 66 books as they consider 7 books of the Old Testament to be apocrypha, i.e. Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith to believe in Jesus (pbuh). Christianity owes its name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). (2) God is also viewed as the Creator of heaven and earth. Of course, ordinary Christians don't actually think like that, in Concept of God in Christianity Print Email I. The Holy Bible is the sacred scripture of the Christians: a) The Bible is divided into two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY I INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly 1.2 billion adherents all over the world. Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity. God is further held to have the properties of holiness, justice, omnibenevolence and omnipresence. The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians’ insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ (pbuh). Within the Christian perception and experience of God, characteristic features stand out: (1) the personality of God, (2) God as the Creator, (3) God as the Lord of history, and (4) God as Judge. Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity: One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? [The Bible, John 5:30], 2. Now in claiming this, I’m not trying to put anybody down or attack someone personally. Omnipotence 2. [The Bible, John 14:28], (ii) “My Father is greater than all.” One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? (ii) God is conceived of as eternal, omnipotent, omniscient and as the creator of the universe. NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are taken from the King James Version. Concept of God in Christianity Position of Jesus (peace be on him) in Islam: (i) Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith to believe in Jesus (pbuh). According to the Christian religion God is divine and is Omnipresent, Omnipotent, Omniscience and that man was made in his image. The following statement from the Bible supports the Islamic belief that Jesus (pbuh) was a prophet of God. What is decisively new in the Christian, New Testament faith in God lies in the fact that this faith is so closely bound up with the person, teaching, and work of Jesus Christ that it is difficult to draw boundaries between theology (doctrines of God) and Christology (doctrines of Christ). I) Position of Jesus (pbuh) in Islam: (i)Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith to believe in Jesus (pbuh). This father–son relationship became a prototype for the relationship of Christians to God. Jesus (pbuh) thus reiterated the message of monotheism that was given by all earlier prophets of Almighty God. II)Concept of God in Christianity 1. Omnibenevolence 4. The Trinity expresses the belief that God is one being made up of three distinct persons who exist in co-equal essence and co-eternal communion as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians’ insistence on the … Key features of this concept are that: J-C God is: 1. This special position of humans in the creation, which makes them coworkers of God in the preservation and consummation of the creation, brings a decisively new characteristic into the understanding of God. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Jesus (pbuh) is also a revered figure in Islam.Islam is the only non-Christian Faith that prescribes faith in Jesus (pbuh): Before we discuss the concept of God… Th… Experiences can be occasioned by something external and universally available, such as the starry sky, or by something external and private, such as a burning bush. Christian Baptism—Matthew 28:19 (baptized in one name, yet three Persons—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). This is clearly evident in the following statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in the Gospel of Mathew: “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the Prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Concept of God First let’s look the idea of God. Therefore, the Christian concept of God is rationally unobjectionable. A level philosophy looks at 3 problems with this concept of God. Christians believe God to be both transcendent (wholly independent of, and removed from, the material universe) and immanent (involved in the world). Hindu sages gave the concept of multiplicity of Gods and connected them with almost every aspect of life. According to the account of Jesus’ baptism, Jesus understood his sonship when a voice from heaven said: “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.” In The Gospel According to John, this sonship constitutes the basis for the self-consciousness of Jesus: “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30). Yet, as Christians, whether we are new, not so new, or old, we all struggle with grasping the meaning of this. t. e. In Christianity, God is the eternal being who created and preserves all things. “Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven; but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.”, “For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.” (3) This new characteristic is God as the Lord of history, which is the main feature of the Old Testament understanding of God: God selects a special people and contracts a special covenant with them. It is alsoexperienced as overwhelmingly real and valuable—indeed, so realand so valuable that, in comparison, all other things appear empty andworthless. [The Bible, Mathew 19:16-17]. He clearly announced the nature of his mission. Reported experiences of God are remarkably varied and have produced equally varied concepts of the divine being. of doubtful authority.Therefore the Old Testament of the Catholics, contains 46 books and that of the Protestants, 39 books. (1) God, as person, is the “I am who I … We believe he was the Messiah translated Christ (pbuh). That brings us to my second point, that the Muslim concept of God is rationally objectionable. Islam is the only non-Christian Faith that prescribes faith in Jesus (pbuh): Before we… We believe that he healed those born blind, and the lepers with God’s permission. Experience on our website of western concepts of the divine agent binds this people. Not support the Christian religion God is further held to have the of... Brings us to my second point, that the path to salvation was through keeping the commandments,! 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